John Keane | BIOGRAPHY
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BIOGRAPHY

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Born in southern Australia, John Keane is Professor of Politics at the University of Sydney and at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB). He first studied Politics, Government and History at the University of Adelaide, winning the Tinline Prize for a First Class Honours with Highest Distinction (1971). He won a Commonwealth Fellowship to study at the University of Toronto, where in the fields of philosophy and political economy he was awarded a doctorate and mentored and supervised by C.B. Macpherson. He later held a post-doctoral fellowship at King’s College, at the University of Cambridge, where he worked closely with Anthony Giddens, Quentin Skinner and other leading scholars.

John Keane is renowned globally for his creative thinking about democracy. Well before the European revolutions of 1989, John Keane first came to public prominence as a theorist and defender of ‘civil society’ and the democratic opposition in central-eastern Europe. Throughout the 1980s, he contributed extensively to the programme of ‘flying university’ apartment seminars in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. His political and scholarly writing during that period was published under the pen name Erica Blair. His Times Literary Supplement series of 18th-century-style dialogues with prominent underground human rights figures such as Adam Michnik and György Konrád was read widely, and translated into many languages. He arranged and edited Vaclav Havel’s first book in English, The Power of the Powerless (1985). In the spring of 1989, just before the revolutions that shook central-eastern Europe, he founded the world’s first democracy research institute, the London-based Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD). During the past decade, he founded and directed the Sydney Democracy Network (SDN). He has contributed to The New York Times, Al Jazeera, the Times Literary Supplement, The Guardian, Harper’s, the South China Morning Post and The Huffington Post.

During his many years in Britain, the Times of London described him as ‘one of the world’s leading political thinkers and writers’. El Pais (Madrid) has ranked him as ‘among the world’s leading analysts of political systems’ (2018). The Australian Broadcasting Commission called him ‘one of the great intellectual exports from Australia’. His work has been translated into approximately 35 languages. During the period 2014-2019, his experimental online column ‘Democracy Field Notes’ attracted nearly a million readers in the London, Cambridge- and Melbourne-based The Conversation. Among his best-known books are the prize-winning, best selling Tom Paine: A political life (1995), Violence and Democracy (2004), Democracy and Media Decadence (2013) and a full-scale history of democracy, The Life and Death of Democracy (2009). Forthcoming in Arabic, it has been published in Chinese, Spanish, Portuguese, Korean and Brazilian; it was short-listed for the Prime Minister’s Literary Award (2012) while the Japanese translation (2014) was ranked in the top three non-fiction books of that year published in Japan. His most recent books are When Trees Fall, Monkeys Scatter (2017); Power and Humility: the Future of Monitory Democracy (2018); and The New Despotism (2020). He was recently nominated for the 2021 Balzan Prize and the Holberg Prize for outstanding global contributions to the human sciences.

Keeping Tabs on Power and a discussion of the reception of The Life and Death of Democracy provide a brief introduction to John Keane’s life and writings.


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約翰·基恩(John Keane)出生于南澳大利亞,現任悉尼大學和柏林科學中心(WZB)政治學教授。他聯合創辦了悉尼民主網絡(Sydney Democracy Network)并出任總監。基恩畢業於阿德萊德大學與多倫多大學(師承馬克弗森)和英國劍橋大學國王學院,其關於民主的創新理論聞名遐邇於世界。

早在1989年東歐劇變以前,他就以公民社會與中東歐民主運動的擁護者形象出現在公眾面前。在此時期,他經常使用Erica Blair作為筆名發表其兼具政治性與學術性的文章。1989年,他在倫敦創辦了世界上第一個民主研究中心。基恩生活在歐洲多年,曾被《泰晤士報》譽為“英國頂尖的政治思想家,著作具有世界性重要影響的作家”。澳大利亞廣播公司(ABC)描述其為“澳大利亞重大知識輸出者之一”。

其主要著作有:被譯成超過25種語言的《媒體與民主》(1991),《民主與公民社會》(1988;1998),《反思暴力》(1996),《公民社會:舊形象、新觀察》(1998),獲獎的傳記作品《湯姆·潘恩傳:一種政治生活》(1995),研究二十世紀歐洲權力的《哈維爾:六幕政治悲劇》(1999)。其近年的作品有:《民主與媒體衰落》(2013),與另外三人共同編著的《代議制民主的未來》(2010),《暴力與民主》(2004)和《全球公民社會》(2003)。

基恩現正潛心于寫作關於中國民主的未來、歐亞地區新興的獨裁勢力和南極的政治前景和政府功能的書籍。他的其他研究方向有:國際組織的發展,民主在二十一世紀的敵人,數字時代信息交流的權力、公共生活與自由,宗教信仰與無宗教主義的歷史,語言和歷史的哲學,代議制政府的起源與未來和伊斯蘭的歷史與政治。他最近的研究興趣擴展到中國、亞太地區的民主政治問題。

基恩為設立在倫敦和墨爾本的網站 The Conversation 上撰寫專欄。他為新澳大利亞民主博物館編寫了大事年表,同時他也是位於美國的民主組織委員會的成員。其著作《生死民主》(2009)入圍2010澳大利亞總理文學獎非小說類候選名單。此為近百年以來首本全面且詳盡闡述民主的歷史的著作。此書已被譯成葡萄牙文,希臘文,巴西葡萄牙文和日文。中文,韓文,西班牙文和阿拉伯文譯本會在不久的將來面世。

저자 : 존 킨
저자 존 킨(John Keane)은 오스트레일리아 출신의 정치학자. 시드니대학과 베를린사회과학원(WZB) 정치학 교수이다. 시민권과 시민 사회, 민주주의의 문제를 집중적으로 연구해 왔으며, 민주주의의 미래에 관한 창조적 발상을 담은 여러 저술을 발표했다. 1989년 동유럽 혁명 이전부터 중부 유럽과 동유럽에서 ‘시민 사회’의 수호자이자 반체제 운동가로서 주목을 받았다. [타임스]는 그를 영국을 이끄는 정치 사상가이자 저술가로 선정했고, 오스트레일리아방송협회(ABC)는 그를 ‘오스트레일리아가 배출한 위대한 지성’이라고 칭했다.
ジョン・キーン (John Keane)
1947年、オーストラリア生まれ。政治学者。アデレード大学、トロント大学、ケンブリッジ大学で学ぶ。現在、シドニー大学およびベルリン科学センター(WZB)の政治学教授。2011年、シドニー・デモクラシー・イニシアティヴ(SDI)を創設。
本書のほか主な著書に、25カ国語以上に翻訳されたThe Media and Democracy (1991) 、Democracy and Civil Society (1988; 1998), Reflections on Violence (1996), Civil Society: Old Images, New Visions (1998), トマス・ペイン、ヴァーツラフ・ハヴェルの伝記など。近著には、Global Civil Society? (2003), Violence and Democracy (2004). 2013年、Democracy and Media Decadance を刊行。なお、現代世界に対する幅広い言動とその反響については、著者自身のホームページ(johnkeane.net)でも詳しく知ることができる。

John Keane ist als wiederkehrender Forschungsprofessor mit einem Viertel seiner Arbeitszeit mit Aufgabenstellungen des WZB befasst und in regelmäßigen Arbeitsaufenthalten in Berlin tätig. Außerdem ist er Professor für Politische

Wissenschaft an der University of Sydney (www.johnkeane.net, jk@johnkeane.net) und Emeritus Professor an der University of Westminster (London), wo er das Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD) gegründet hat.

John Keane est reconnu mondialement pour sa contribution aux études des médias et de la démocratie, de la société civile et de la citoyenneté européenne. Ses travaux le placent à la fine pointe de la recherche contemporaine dans les domaines de la philosophie politique et de la théorie sociale.

Parmi ses plus importantes publications, on retrouve Média et démocratie, ouvrage traduit dans plus de 25 langues ; Démocratie et société civile ; une biographie primée : Tom Paine : A Political Life ; une étude sur le pouvoir : Vaclav Havel : A Political Tradgedy in Six Acts, ainsi que ses tout derniers ouvrages, Violence and Democracy ; et Global Civil Society.

Coordonnateur fondateur du Réseau de la société civile (CiSoNet), un organisme sans but lucratif commandité par la Commission européenne, le professeur Keane est aussi membre de l’Institutions of Democracy Commission des États-Unis d’Amérique. Il termine actuellement une histoire complète de la démocratie, la première à être entreprise depuis plus d’un siècle.

Le professeur Keane est par ailleurs le directeur fondateur du Centre pour l’étude de la démocratie. Il enseigne les sciences politiques à l’Université de Westminster, il est professeur émérite au Wissenschaftszentrum de Berlin et professeur Rajni Kothari au Centre des études sur les sociétés en voie de développement, à Delhi.

Nacido en Australia, se ha formado en las Universidades de Adelaide, Toronto y Cambridge. John Keane es Catedrático de Teoría Política en la Universidad de Sydney y en la Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB). Es, además, director del recién fundado Institute for Democracy and Human Rights (IDHR). En 1989 fundó el Centro para el Estudio de la Democracia (CSD). Entre sus numerosas publicaciones destacan, The Media and Democracy (1991), traducido a más de veinticinco idiomas; Democracy and Civil Society (1988; 1998); Reflections on Violence (1996) (Los dos últimos traducidos al español); Civil Society: Old Images, New Visions (1998); Una biografía de Paine, Tom Paine: A Political Life (1995) y otra biografía sobre el estudio del poder en el siglo XX en Europa: Václav Havel: A Political Tragedy in Six Acts (1999).

Entre sus publicaciones más actuales se encuentran: Global Civil Society? (2003),Violence and Democracy (2004) y (conjuntamente con Sonia Alonso y Wolfgang Merkel) The Future of Representative Democracy (2010).

Ha ocupado hace poco la prestigiosa cátedra Kart Deutsch en Berlín y ha servido como miembro del influyente Instituto para la Investigación de Políticas Públicas (IPPR), en Londres. Recientemente ha sido galardonado con el Major Research Fellowship por parte de Leverhulme Trust.

El London Times lo ha catalogado como uno de los principales pensadores y escritores políticos considerando su trabajo de “importancia mundial”. Mientras que la Comisión de Radiodifusión Australiana lo ha descrito recientemente como “uno de los grandes intelectuales exportado desde Australia”.

Los tópicos de investigación actuales que centran su interés incluyen el futuro de la gobernanza global; miedo, violencia y democracia; ciudadanía y sociedad civil en Europa, la historia del secularismo; vida pública y libertad de comunicación en la era digital, republicanismo del siglo XVIII, los orígenes y el futuro del gobierno representativo; y la filosofía y la política del Islam.

En 2009 ha publicado una de sus obras más destacadas: The Life and Death of Democracy (2009). Una completa historia de la democracia que ha recibido gran atención académica y mediática a lo largo del planeta.

Read Ramón A. Feenstra’s note on John Kean’s blog activities

Nascido na Austrália, estudou nas Universidades de Adelaide, Toronto e Cambridge. John Keane é Professor de Política na Universidade de Sydney e em Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB). Em 1989 fundou o Centro para os Estudos da Democracia (CSD).

Entre os muitos livros que escreveu, encontram-se The Media and Democracy, 1991, que foi traduzido em mais de 25 línguas; “Democracy and Civil Society ( 1988 ; 1998 ); “Reflections on Violence ” ( 1996 ); “Civil Society: Old Images, New Visions” ( 1998 ); a biografia, premiada, “Tom Paine: a Political Life” (1995 ) e um estudo sobre o poder, “Václav Havel: a Political Tragedy in six acts” ( 1999 ). Entre os seus mais recentes trabalhos estão “Violência e Democracia” ( 2004 ) e “Global Civil Society?” (2003).

Em anos recentes, ocupou a cátedra Karl Deutsch em Berlim e foi membro do Instituto para a Pesquisa de Política Pública (Institute for Public Policy Research – IPPR), em Londres. O Times of London posicionou-o como um dos principais pensadores e escritores políticos cujo trabalho detém “uma importância Mundial”.

Os seus interesses de pesquisa incluem actualmente o futuro da governação global; medo, violência e democracia; cidadania e sociedade civil; a história do secularismo; vida pública e liberdade de comunicação; republicanismo do século XVIII; os regimes pós-comunistas da Europa central e oriental; e a filosofia e política do Islão. Membro das Instituições da Comissão Democrática, nos Estados Unidos da América, está a escrever a história da democracia à escala mundial.

John Keane è Professore di Teoria Politica presso l’Università di Sydney e presso il Centro di Ricerca per le Scienze Sociali di Berlino (WZB). Keane è inoltre membro della Royal Society of Arts; fondatore del Centro di Ricerca per lo Studio della Democrazia (CSD); consigliere esterno per le Nazioni Unite e membro della American Institutions of Democracy Commission.

I suoi testi includono The Life and Death of Democracy, Global Civil Society?; Vaclav Havel: a political tragedy in Six Acts; il pluripremiato Tom Paine: a political life; Media and Democracy, il cui testo è stato tradotto in più di venti lingue. Nato in Australia, John Keane vive attualmente a Londra.

Van origine Australische politicoloog (1949); professor aan de University of Sydney. Genoot zijn opleiding aan de universiteiten van Adelaide, Toronto en Cambridge. Naast Westminster is hij ook nog verbonden aan het Sozial Wissenschaft Zentrum Berlin. Keane richtte in 1989 aan de Universiteit van Westminster het Centre for the Study of Democracy op. Hij is tevens lid van de Britse denktank Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR). In 2009 werd hij samen met George Soros en Jürgen Habermas gezien als Westerse instigator van de volksopstand in Iran. Geldt wereldwijd als wetenschappelijk autoriteit op het gebied van democratische ontwikkelingen.

Publicaties: Public Life and Late Capitalism: Toward a Socialist Theory of Democracy (Cambridge University Press, 1984); Democracy and Civil Society: On the Predicaments of European Socialism, the Prospects for Democracy, and the Problem of Controlling Social and Political Power (Verso, 1988) ; The Media and Democracy (Polity Press. 1991); Whatever happened to Democracy? ( IPPR, 2002) ; Global Civil Society (Cambridge University Press, 2003); Violence and Democracy ( Cambridge University Press, 2004); The Life and Death of Democracy (W.W. Norton, 2009).